Renal fibrosis participates in the progression of hypertension-induced kidney injury. The effect of SIRT3, a member of the NAD+-dependent deacetylase family, in hypertensive nephropathy remains unclear. In this study, we found that SIRT3 was reduced after angiotensin II (AngII) treatment both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, SIRT3-knockout mice aggravated hypertension-induced renal dysfunction and renal fibrosis via chronic AngII infusion (2000 ng/kg per minute for 42 days). On the contrary, SIRT3-overexpression mice attenuated AngII-induced kidney injury compared with wild-type mice. Remarkably, a co-localization of SIRT3 and KLF15, a kidney-enriched nuclear transcription factor, led to SIRT3 directly deacetylating KLF15, followed by decreased expression of fibronectin and collagen type IV in cultured MPC-5 podocytes. In addition, honokiol (HKL), a major bioactive compound isolated from Magnolia officinalis (Houpo), suppressed AngII-induced renal fibrosis through activating SIRT3-KLF15 signaling. Taken together, our findings implicate that a novel SIRT3-KLF15 signaling may prevent kidney injury from hypertension and HKL can act as a SIRT3-KLF15 signaling activator to protect against hypertensive nephropathy.
Li, N., Zhang, J., Yan, X., Zhang, C., Liu, H., Shan, X., … Bu, P. (2017). SIRT3-KLF15 signaling ameliorates kidney injury induced by hypertension. Oncotarget, 8(24), 39592–39604. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.17165