Background Arrhythmias in children are often paroxysmal, complicating the ability to capture the abnormal rhythm on routine ECG during an outpatient visit. The Alivecor Kardia Mobile (KM) device is a wireless mobile health (mHealth) device that generates a single lead ECG tracing with a FDA-approved algorithm for detection of atrial fibrillation in adults. Objective The goal of this study is to assess the accuracy of interval measurements on KM tracings by directly comparing to standard 12-lead ECGs in pediatric patients. Methods This single center, prospective study enrolled pediatric outpatients, age <18 years presenting for cardiology clinic visits, into 3 groups based on age: 0-5 years, 6-10 years, and 11-18 years. Patients were excluded if 12-lead ECG was not ordered during the visit. Each enrolled subject underwent standard 12-lead ECG followed by 30-second KM tracing. ECG parameters were batch read by 2 blinded pediatric electrophysiologists. Results Thirty patients were recruited with 10 patients/group. Structural heart disease and/or conduction abnormality was present in 20 patients (67%). Majority of tracings (27/30, 90%) were of diagnostic quality on first attempt. Overall, the ΔPR was 15.2Δ10.8ms (r = 0.86), ΔQRS was 9.6±8ms (r = 0.86), and QTc was 15.6Δ12.7ms (r = 0.83). There were 9 patients with ΔQTc measurements >20ms with 4/9 (44%) having a conduction disorder and 2/9 (22%) having marked sinus arrhythmia. Bland-Altman method of agreement demonstrated strong agreement for QRSd and QTc. The AF algorithm reported 4/30 (13%) false positive "possible AF" diagnoses (rhythm over-read on KM demonstrated n = 3 marked sinus arrhythmia, n = 1 sinus rhythm with aberrated PACs) resulting in a specificity of 87%. Conclusion The Alivecor Kardia device produces accurate single lead ECG tracings in both healthy children and children with cardiac disease or rhythm abnormalities across the pediatric spectrum. This mHealth application provides an accurate, non-invasive, real-time approach for ambulatory ECG monitoring in children and adolescents.
Gropler, M. R. F., Dalal, A. S., Van Hare, G. F., & Silva, J. N. A. (2018). Can smartphone wireless ECGs be used to accurately assess ECG intervals in pediatrics? A comparison of mobile health monitoring to standard 12-lead ECG. PLoS ONE, 13(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204403