The aim of the present study was to evaluate the zootechnical performance, intestinal mucosa, and reaction to infestation by the parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis in jundiá Rhamdia quelen larvae supplemented with Mentha piperita essential oil or sodium butyrate in their diets. Five diets were used over 30 days: diet free of additive inclusion, 0% (control); inclusion of 1% or 2% of M. piperita essential oil: EO1% and EO2%, respectively; and inclusion of 0.25% or 0.50% of sodium butyrate: SB0.25% and SB0.50%, respectively. The different diets were not able to inhibit I. multifiliis infestation. Supplementation with SB0.50% in their diets presented better performance in all zootechnical parameters analyzed, including a 54% increase in final weight and 70% in survival, and increased (P<0.05) both the villi width and the amount of goblet cells present in the intestinal mucosa by approximately 50%. In view of these results, dietary supplementation of R. quelen larvae with 0.50% sodium butyrate for 30 days is recommended.
Spanghero, D. B. N., Spanghero, E. C. A. de M., Pedron, J. D. S., Chagas, E. C., Chaves, F. C. M., & Zaniboni-Filho, E. (2020). Sodium butyrate and peppermint essential oil in jundiá diet: Performance, histology, and challenge of ichthyophthirius multifiliis. Ciencia Rural, 50(11), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20200427