Tuning of fluorine content in graphene: towards large-scale production of stoichiometric fluorographene

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Abstract

The availability of well-defined modified graphene derivatives such as fluorographene, graphane, thiographene or hydroxygraphene is of pivotal importance for tuning the resulting material properties in numerous potential applications. A series of fluorinated graphene with various contents of fluorine was synthesized by a simple fluorination procedure in an autoclave with a nitrogen/fluorine atmosphere at different exposure times and temperatures. To investigate the composition, structure and properties all samples were characterized in detail by a number of analytical techniques such as SEM, XRD, EDS, AFM, STEM, combustible elemental analysis, STA, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, UV-VIS spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The fully fluorinated graphene with the overall stoichiometry C<inf>1</inf>F<inf>1.05</inf> had a bright white color indicating a significant change of band-gap. In comparison to other samples such a high concentration of fluorine led to the occurrence of exotic thermal behavior, strong luminescence in the visible spectral region and also the unique super-hydrophobic behavior observed on the material surface. The described tunable fluorination should pave the way to fluorographene based devices with tailored properties.

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Mazánek, V., Jankovský, O., Luxa, J., Sedmidubský, D., Janoušek, Z., Šembera, F., … Sofer, Z. (2015). Tuning of fluorine content in graphene: towards large-scale production of stoichiometric fluorographene. Nanoscale, 7(32), 13646–13655. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5nr03243a

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