Aleitamento materno exclusivo, alimentação complementar e associação com excesso de gordura corporal em escolares de Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

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Abstract

Objectives: to analyze the association between exclusive breastfeeding duration (EBF) and the age at which complementary feeding was introduced (CF) with the excess of body fat (BF) in schoolchildren from Florianópolis/SC, southern of Brazil. Methods:cross sectional study, with probability sample of 1,531 schoolchildren aged 7-10 years from Florianópolis/SC. The percentage of BF was defined based on triceps and subscapular skinfolds. Information about EBF, CF and confounders variables were obtained through a questionnaire sent to parents or guardians. Multivariate analyzes were performed using Poisson. Results: the prevalence of BF excess was 37.9% (CI95%: 32.4; 43.6), and 30.6% of children received EBF for 4-6 months (CI95%: 17, 3; 48, 2). The duration of EBF less than 4 or more than 6 months was associated with higher prevalence of BF excess, even after adjustment (p=0.015). Introduction of food groups had no association with BF excess. Conclusions: the association between EBF and the excess of body fat for less than 4 months and higher prevalence of BF excess is probably a consequence of early introduction of others milk types, whilst association between EBF for more than 6 months and higher prevalence of BF excess is because of a catch-up growth situation.

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Gonsalez, P. S., Retondario, A., Bricarello, L. P., González-Chica, D. A., Silva, D. A. S., & De Vasconcelos, F. D. A. G. (2017). Aleitamento materno exclusivo, alimentação complementar e associação com excesso de gordura corporal em escolares de Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil, 17(1), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-93042017000100007

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