Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of AMG 403, a human anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in two phase I studies with healthy volunteers and knee osteoarthritis subjects

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Abstract

Introduction: Nerve growth factor plays a key role in the pathology of osteoarthritis (OA) related chronic pain. The aim of these studies was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and clinical response of AMG 403, a human anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in healthy volunteers and subjects with knee OA. Methods: Two phase I, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind studies were conducted. The single-ascending dose study randomized healthy volunteers (n = 48) 3:1 to receive AMG 403 (1, 3, 10, or 30 mg intravenously; or 10 or 30 mg subcutaneously; n = 8 per group) or placebo. The multiple-ascending dose study randomized knee OA subjects (n = 18) 3:1 to receive AMG 403 (3, 10, or 20 mg subcutaneously once monthly for four doses) or placebo. Safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) were assessed for both studies. Patient's and physician's disease assessments and total WOMAC score were determined in knee OA subjects. Results: AMG 403 appeared to be well-tolerated after single and multiple doses, except for subject-reported hyperesthesia, pain, and paresthesia (mild to moderate severity). These treatment-emergent neurosensory events showed evidence of reversibility and a possible dose-dependence. Three serious adverse events were reported in AMG 403 treated subjects, but were not considered treatment related. AMG 403 PK was linear with an estimated half-life of 19.6 to 25.8 days. After multiple doses, AMG 403 PK showed modest accumulation (≤2.4-fold increase) in systemic exposure. Knee OA diagnosis, body weight, and anti-drug antibody development did not appear to affect AMG 403 PK. Patient's and physician's disease assessments and total WOMAC score showed improvement in AMG 403 treated knee OA subjects compared with placebo. Conclusions: AMG 403 was generally safe and well-tolerated in both healthy volunteers and knee OA patients, and exhibited linear pharmacokinetics. Preliminary clinical efficacy was observed in knee OA subjects. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02348879. Registered 23 December 2014. Clintrials.gov NCT02318407. Registered 2 December 2014.

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Gow, J. M., Tsuji, W. H., Williams, G. J., Mytych, D., Sciberras, D., Searle, S. L., … Gibbs, J. P. (2015). Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of AMG 403, a human anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in two phase I studies with healthy volunteers and knee osteoarthritis subjects. Arthritis Research and Therapy, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13075-015-0797-9

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