Porous composites of Sr-doped LaFeO3 (LSF) and yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) were investigated as conductive scaffolds for infiltrated SOFC cathodes with the goal of producing scaffolds for which only a few perovskite infiltration steps are required to achieve sufficient conductivity. While no new phases form when LSF-YSZ composites are calcined to 1623 K, shifts in the lattice parameters indicate Zr can enter the perovskite phase. Measurements on dense, LSF-YSZ composites show that the level of Zr doping depends on the Sr:La ratio. Because conductivity of undoped LSF increases with Sr content while both the ionic and electronic conductivities of Zr-doped LSF decrease with the level of Zr in the perovskite phase, there is an optimum initial Sr content corresponding to La0.9Sr0.1FeO3 (LSF91). Although scaffolds made with 100% LSF had a higher conductivity than scaffolds made with 50:50 LSF-YSZ mixtures, the 50:50 mixture provides the optimal interfacial structure with the electrolyte and sufficient conductivity, providing the best cathode performance upon infiltration of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF).
Cheng, Y., Oh, T.-S., Wilson, R., Gorte, R. J., & Vohs, J. M. (2017). An Investigation of LSF-YSZ Conductive Scaffolds for Infiltrated SOFC Cathodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164(6), F525–F529. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0531706jes