Towards a novel patch material for cardiac applications: Tissue-specific extracellular matrix introduces essential key features to decellularized amniotic membrane

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Abstract

There is a growing need for scaffold material with tissue-specific bioactivity for use in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, and for surgical repair of structural defects. We developed a novel composite biomaterial by processing human cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) into a hydrogel and combining it with cell-free amniotic membrane via a dry-coating procedure. Cardiac biocompatibility and immunogenicity were tested in vitro using human cardiac fibroblasts, epicardial progenitor cells, murine HL-1 cells, and human immune cells derived from buffy coat. Processing of the ECM preserved important matrix proteins as demonstrated by mass spectrometry. ECM coating did not alter the mechanical characteristics of decellularized amniotic membrane but did cause a clear increase in adhesion capacity, cell proliferation and viability. Activated monocytes secreted less pro-inflammatory cytokines, and both macrophage polarization towards the pro-inflammatory M1 type and T cell proliferation were prevented. We conclude that the incorporation of human cardiac ECM hydrogel shifts and enhances the bioactivity of decellularized amniotic membrane, facilitating its use in future cardiac applications.

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Becker, M., Maring, J. A., Schneider, M., Martin, A. X. H., Seifert, M., Klein, O., … Stamm, C. (2018). Towards a novel patch material for cardiac applications: Tissue-specific extracellular matrix introduces essential key features to decellularized amniotic membrane. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19041032

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